It’s been almost 60 years since the top of the Korean War, and for most of that time Americans had been prohibited from visiting North Korea by its government. For a few years, I canvassed any contact I could ferret about securing visitation, but all for naught.
Until this year.
I rendezvous with 23 friends in Beijing and the primary indication that we are about to fall off the map is when a plastic bag is circulated on the airport before we board the Air Koryo flight. We deposit our cell phones and books about our destination, which aren’t allowed within the DPRK. We are, however, permitted to bring cameras (with lenses less than 200 mms), laptops, Kindles and iPads, so long as they don’t have activated GPS. Credit cards cannot be used for internet access, or to buy anything. Even with cash, there is no public internet access in-country. We are abandoning ourselves to the journey.
On board the Russian-built Tupolev Tu-204 instead of Muzak we are soothed by the national anthem, the newspaper distributed is the Pyongyang Times (in English), and on the video monitors are dramatic recreations of World War II, in addition to a tourist video that evokes Disney documentaries from the 1950s. Immigration and customs are easy, faster than most first-world airports, and they do not stamp our passports, so that you just need to take my word that we were there.
We’re greeted by guides Mr. Lee and Miss Lee (no relation), who usher us onto a Chinese made luxury bus called King Long, where we roll down spotless extra-wide streets by willow trees and tall apartment buildings, past heroic posters and photos of Kim Il-sung, the country’s founding leader, and his son Kim Jong-il, who died in December 2011, leaving his third son, 29-year-old Kim Jong-un in charge. We drive through the Arch of Triumph (larger than the Paris version), and into downtown Pyongyang, the capital. Along the best way Mr. Lee, shares, in enunciation occasionally untidy, some information…the country has 24 million people; 3 million within the capital. It’s 80% covered by mountains. From 1905-1945 it was brutally occupied by the Japanese. The Korean War (known because the Fatherland Liberation War by the DPRK) lasted from 1950-53, and through that point there have been 400,000 people in Pyongyang, and the Americans dropped 400,000 bombs on town.
We cross a bridge to an island within the Taedong River, and pull as much as the 47-story Yanggakdo International Hotel, with 1000 rooms, a revolving restaurant on top, a lobby bar with Taedonggang, an excellent beer, and room television with five channels of North Korean programming, and one featuring the BBC.
As the day bleeds to night we head to the Rŭngrado May First Stadium, largest on the planet by capacity. We park by a Niagara-sized dancing colored fountain to which Steve Wynn could only aspire, walk past a line of Mercedes, BMWs, and Hummers, up the steps to prime seats (where Madeleine Albright once sat) at the Arirang Mass Games. The Games (there is no competition, just spectacle) are a jaw-dropping 90-minute gymnastic extravaganza, with meticulously choreographed dancers, acrobats, trapeze artists, giant puppets, and large mosaic pictures created by greater than 30,000 sharply disciplined school children holding up colored cards, as if in bleachers on the world’s biggest football game. The London Guardian calls the Mass Games “the best, strangest, most awe-inspiring political spectacle on earth.”
The Guinness Book says there may be nothing prefer it in the universe. One hundred thousand performers in every candy color of the spectrum cavort, whirl, leap and caper in perfectly choreographed unison. A thousand Cirque du Soleils. Ten thousand Busby Berkeleys. All of it makes the opening ceremonies of the Beijing Olympics look just like the opening of the London Olympics. Finally, we pour from the stadium, past the vendors selling posters, DVDs and memorabilia, exhausted and in overstimulated wonderment.
As the sun finds us the morning next we head back to the airport, in the course of the world’s quietest rush hour. One estimate is there are fewer than 30,000 vehicles in the entire of the country. We pass seven cars, several hundred single-gear bicycles, and perhaps a thousand pedestrians, hunched forward as if carrying invisible sacks, walking the edges of the streets. There aren’t any fat people in this parade…all look fit, clean and healthy.
There is no such thing as a commercial air service to where we are headed (and no Lonely Planet Guide), so we now have chartered an Antonov 24, during which the hostess levels her epicanthic eyes and shares she wants to practice her English with us. Good thing, too, as I notice the sign at the Emergency Exit: “In case of stepped out of cabin, attract handle.”
Ninety minutes later we land at Samjiyon, near the “sacred mountain of the revolution,” Mt. Paektu. At 8898 feet, it’s Korea’s highest peak, and legend has it is where Korea’s first founder, the mythical Tangun, is alleged to have descended 5,000 years ago.
The drive from the airstrip to the bottom of the mountain is an ecologist’s dream, pre-industrial, rice fields cultivated by hand, lush, green landscapes, clear streams, and unlogged forests of white birches. As we rise in elevation, the trees shrink into the soil, until we’re in a moonscape, slopes of stones like discolored bone, the flanks of the stirring volcano, Paektu (white topped mountain). This is the sublime hill, essentially the most celebrated in North Korea, and we chevron to the summit in our Chinese bus. From the caldera rim we will look down to a good looking blue crater lake, a sapphire within the hands of the volcano, and across the lip… to Manchuria. There we see Chinese tourists waving back at us. This can also be the spot where Kim Il-sung (Dear Leader) and his son Kim Jong-il (Great Leader) stood, with backs to the caldera, looking commandingly on the camera, offering up enlightenment and guidance. The image is recreated in vivid posters all over the country, so it is a delight to be here, like visiting the setting of an epic film.
There is a gondola that carries visitors down to Lake Chonji, Heaven Lake, alongside a steep stairway. It’s five Euro each for the ride, but I am tempted by the exercise, and 40 minutes later meet the group by the frigid water. When Kim Jong-il died, it is said the ice on the lake cracked “so loud, it seemed to shake the Heavens and the Earth.”
We take some photos, walk the verge of the lake, after which ready for the gondola ride back the rim. But the cables aren’t moving. The ability has gone off, and nothing moves, even us. The prospect of climbing up is simply too grim for a lot of in our group, including one woman who has shrapnel in her leg from a recent visit to Syria. So, as tempers and temperatures rise, and i consider what it could take to carry someone on my back, the power lurches back on, and the gondolas open their doors for the ride to heaven.
The afternoon presents a personal surprise… we drive to The key Camp, where Kim Jong-il, our guides tell us, was born in Japanese-occupied Korea on February 16, 1942. His birth was foretold by a swallow, and heralded by the looks of a double rainbow across the sky over the mountain, and a new star in the heavens. The straightforward log cabin (with roebuck deer hooves as door handles) of this auspicious birth stands near a stream called Sobek, spilling from its eponymous mountain. It turns out Sobek means “small mountain” (compared to Paektu).
Sobek is the name of the adventure travel company I founded quite a couple of years ago, nevertheless it was christened after the crocodile god of the Nile, not a waterway named for a mini-me mountain. Nonetheless, our hosts are excited with the coincidence; I am honored just the same. We take the night on the cavernous Baegaebong Hotel, which might be the set for The Shinning, though we’re the one guests. Nearby are the wide and scenic Rimyongsu Falls, spouting gemlike from a basaltic cliff, and there is a ski slope next door. But that is fall, so the assumption is we are off season, or tourism hasn’t lived up to expectations yet.
The following day is triumphal, the morning enormous as the sky. We visit the Revolutionary Regional Museum, fronted by ectype Siberian tigers, which still roam these mountains, and are traditional symbols of a unified Korea. Inside, the displays celebrate the North Korean victories over Japan and America, including a video of such shown on Toshiba monitor using Windows XP.
Then off to the Samjiyon Grand Monument, featuring a giant bronze statue of a young, stiff-backed Kim Il-sung in military regimentals, flanked by squads of oversized soldiers, back-dropped by Samji Lake, dotted like snowflakes with egrets. Revolutionary music plays from discreetly placed speakers. I am urged to purchase a bouquet of flowers to lay at the bottom, and then we all line up, sans hats, and make a respectful bow. Photos are allowed, but only of your entire statue from the front, not parts or backsides.
After lunch (the food is always hearty, plentiful, and includes meat of some sort, always kimchi, soup, rice, potatoes and beer, but never dog, which is a summer dish), we make a 40-minute charter flight to the Orang airport, not removed from the border with Russia, landing next to a line of MiG-21s. From there we drive three hours to Mount Chilbo, “Seven Treasures,” a national park, and applicant for UNESCO World Heritage status. Along the way we pass tobacco and corn fields, cabbage patches, trips of goats, and lines of oxcarts carrying goods somewhere. We first stop beneath a 200-year-old chestnut tree at the Kaesimsa Buddhist temple (“America bombed the churches and Buddhist temples,” Mr. Lee tells us, “but they missed this one.”). It was built in 826, and serves today as a repository for important Buddhist sculptures, paintings, and scriptures. The monk has us gather in the temple, below images of flying apsaras, where he taps a gourd and chants. He says he prays for our good health and happiness, and that we will contribute to the peace of the world. Then he suggests we contribute to the donation jar.
It is a brief hike to Inner Chilbo, an astonishing vista of wind and water sculpted turrets, buttes, mesas, masts, cathedrals and temples, a stunning combination of Yosemite, Bryce and Zion National Parks. Mr. Lee, in a North Face jacket and Prospect running shoes, plucks some pine mushrooms off the trail, and shares them with the group, saying these are delicacies in Japan, sometimes selling for $100 a stem.
After a few short hikes, we bus into a box canyon, and check into the closest thing North Korea has to an eco-lodge, the Outer Chilbo Hotel. The accommodations are spartan (plastic buckets filled with washing water outside the doors), however the setting–high cliffs on three sides, wooded grounds, a clear singing creek — is something apropos to an Aman Resort, and should yet someday be.
The day next, as the light struggles into the canyons, we hike to the Sungson Pavilion, a high platform that affords 360 degree views of Outer Chilbo, grand vistas of the serrated mountains and sheer cliffs that encase the park. We can see our eco-lodge from here, which has a miniature appearance, like something carved by hand and set down out of scale at the bottom of the mountains. The vantage collapses perspective, creating an illusion of both proximity and depth, as if the hospitality below could possibly be reached in a moment, or not at all.
After which we unwind the highlands, and trundle to Sea Chilbo, a last sigh of igneous rock that decants into the East Sea of Korea (Sea of Japan on most Western maps). The coastal village through which we pass is dripping with squid, hanging like ornaments form rooftops, clothes lines, and each exposed surface of houses that look as if they grew out of the bottom. The permeating perfume is eau de cephalopod. Past the electronic fences (to keen potential invaders out), on a large beach, a long white table cloth is spread, and we settle all the way down to a picnic feast of fresh calamari, crab, yellow corvina, anchovies, seaweed, and beer, just before a bruise of clouds fills the space between earth and sky, and the rain sets in.
The dirt road to Chongjin is lined with magnolias (in the north of North Korea we experience almost no pavement), and a richness of no billboards or advertising of any sort. We pass hundreds of soldiers, a part of 1,000,000 man army, in olive drab striding the highway; tractors that appear to be Mater from the Cars movies; and smoke-billowing trucks, which have furnaces on the flatbeds where wood is fed for fuel. At dusk the countryside becomes subdued; shadows soften the hillsides, and there’s a blending of lines and folds. It is dark as we wheel into the steel and shipbuilding town, generously lit with streaks of neon (Hong Kong without the brands). We stop at the Fisherman’s Club, which is playing a video of launching rockets and enthusiastically clapping crowds as we order up Lithuanian vodka and something called “Eternal Youth Liquor,” which has a viper curled up inside the bottle, like a monster tequila worm.
We stagger into the Chongjin Hotel, past a pair of Kenwood speakers playing a stringed version of “Age of Aquarius,” stumble up the steps beneath a poster of “The Immortal Flower, Kimjongilia,” a hybrid red begonia designed to bloom every year on Kim Jong-il’s birthday, and into rooms where the bathtubs are considerately pre-filled with water to make use of to flush the non-flushing Toto toilets.
Motivational marshal music cracks the day. We will not leave the hotel compound (some power-walk the driveway for exercise, looking like guests at the Hanoi Hilton), but several of us gather on the gate and watch the beginnings of the day. The street is being swept, folks are walking and biking to work in their shiny synthetic suits, children are being hustled to school, and a woman in a balcony across the way is videotaping us as we photograph her.
North Korea’s got talent. The highlight of the day is a visit to a primary school, where a troupe of red lip-sticked, costumed children between ages 4 and 6 sing, dance and play instruments as if maestros. They play guitars, drums, a Casio organ, and a gayageum, the standard Korean zither-like string instrument, with one outstanding student plucking as if Ravi Shankar.
With the long tapers of afternoon light we are back in Pyongyang, and on the way to the hotel pass the primary billboard we have seen, featuring The Peace Car, a handsome SUV the results of a joint-venture between Pyonghwa Motors of Seoul, a company owned by the late Sun Myung Moon’s Unification Church, and a North Korean government-owned corporation that also works on nuclear procurement. Several of the slick vehicles are lined up within the hotel parking lot, alongside Mercedes, BMWs and the occasional Volga.
In the sweet liquid light of morning, after a breakfast of scrambled eggs, toast, potato chips and instant coffee, noshed to the tune of “Those Were the days, My Friend,” (it is originally a Russian song, called “Dorogoi dlinnoyu”) we got down to tour Pyongyang, a city that may very well be called Edifice Rex, for its complex of outsized compensation monuments. We take the lift (five Euros each) up the 560-foot tall Juche Tower, named for Kim Il-sung’s blended philosophy of self-reliance, nationalism, and Marxism-Leninism. We wander the base of a 98-foot-high statue of the holy trinity — a man with a hammer, one with a sickle, and one with a writing brush (a “working intellectual”). We parade through town’s largest public space, Kim Il-sung Square, akin to Red Square or Tiananmen, featuring giant portraits of President Kim Il-sung, in addition to Marx and Lenin. We bow again and place flowers at another giant bronze statue of the good Leader, president for all times even in death. We pay homage to the Tower to Eternal Life, with its stone inscription: “The good Leader, Comrade Kim Il-sung, Will Always Be With Us.” We admire huge statues in front of the Art Museum of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il blazing some battlefield on horseback, and two weddings happening near the hooves. And we pass scores of impressive, oversized buildings, from the library to museums to the notorious 105-story, pyramid-shaped Ryugyong Hotel, the dominant skyline feature, unfinished greater than 20 years after construction began (it seems, from some angles, to list a bit, like the Tower of Pisa).
The metro, deepest on the planet, seems designed to withstand a nuclear attack. If it were much deeper it would come out within the South Atlantic Ocean near Argentina, its antipode. The stations are named after themes and characteristics from the revolution, and we take a five stop run from Glory Station (festooned with chandelier lights that appear like celebratory fireworks) to Triumph Station, lined with socialist-realist mosaics and murals.
And we finish the day with a step right down to the Taedong River and onto the USS Pueblo, or as the North Koreans say without variation, “the armed American spy ship, Pueblo.” It’s a rusty bucket at this point, 43 years after the incident, and the guides, in navy togs, show us the crypto room filled with teletypes and ancient communications gear, the .50-caliber machine gun on the bow, the bullet holes from the North Korean sub chaser, and the spot where a US sailor was hit and died. We watch a brief video featuring Lyndon Johnson alternatively threatening and claiming the ship a fishing vessel (not true), after which his apology, which allowed the discharge of the 82 crew members exactly 11 months after they were captured.
The final day of the trip we head south, to the DMZ, the 2.5-mile-wide swath near the 38th parallel that separates North and South Korea, a border so tense it could squeeze the breath out of stones. The paved road is wide and flat, seeming to stretch the length of the world. It’s big enough to land an aircraft in an emergency. And scattered every few miles are ‘tank traps,” concrete pillars that may be pushed over to ensnare an armored vehicle heading north. We pass through several military checkpoints along the best way, but never with incident.
Once on the DMZ we’re ushered into Panmunjom, the Joint Security Area where the armistice was signed July 27, 1953, ending a war during which almost 900,000 soldiers died (including 37,000 Americans) — and more than two million civilians were killed or wounded.
“We were victorious,” the guide, who wears three stars on his shoulder, shares, and adds: “Now we have very powerful weapons. Though you in America are very far away, you aren’t safe… but do not be nervous.”
Then he points out a display case with an ax and photos of an incident in 1976 when two American soldiers tried to cut down an obstructing tree on the wrong side of the line, and were dispatched by the North Koreans.
We step single file through several gates, and our guide points out a flagpole 52 stories high, heaving a 600-pound red, white, and blue North Korean flag; beyond is the South Korean version, not nearly as high. Birds and torn clouds and cigarette smoke cross between the two, and little else.
On the white dividing line, cutting through the center of three blue negotiation huts, we will look across the barbed wire to our doppelgangers, tourists snapping pictures of us snapping shots of them. We’re not allowed to shout, but I make a small wave, and my mirror image waves back.
On the way back we stop at the Royal Tomb of King Kongmin, a 14th-century mausoleum with twin burial mounds, looking like giant stone gumdrops, surrounded by statues of grinning animals from the Chinese zodiac. Inside are the remains of Kongmin, 31st king of the Koryo Dynasty (918-1392), and his wife, the Mongolian princess Queen Noguk.
Miss Lee, exquisite in high heels and frilly blouse, dark eyes quiet as a pond, points to a mountain across from the tomb, and says it is known as “Oh My God.” She then tells the story about the place. When Kongmin’s wife died, he hired geomancers to seek out the perfect spot for her tomb. Upset when everyone failed, he ordered that the following to try would be given anything desired with success; with failure, he can be killed immediately. When one young geomancer told him to review a spot within the mountains, Kongmin told advisors that if he waved his handkerchief they need to execute the geomancer.
Kongmin climbed up to review the site. Upon reaching the highest, exhausted and sweaty, he dabbed his brow together with his handkerchief, while pronouncing the place perfect. When he found that the geomancer had been executed due to his mistaken handkerchief wave, he exclaimed “Oh, my God!”
Before heading back to Pyongyang our guides take us shopping at a souvenir stop in Kaesong, North Korea’s southernmost city, and the ancient capital of Koryo, the primary unified state on the Korean Peninsula.
Outside we’re greeted by young women in bright traditional tent-shaped dresses. The glass door sports a “DHL Service Available” sign, and inside is a cornucopia of temptations, from statuary to stamps, oil paintings to jade to silks to pottery, to stacks of books by The good Leader and Dear Leader, to ginseng to cold Coca Cola. I can’t resist a series of dinner placemats of North Koreans bayonetting Americans with the saying “Let’s kill the U.S. Imperialists.”
Our guides throughout have been warm, welcoming, gracious, informative, funny and friendly.
On the last night, sharing a beer at the lobby bar, when asked, they insist there isn’t a prostitution in North Korea, no use of illegal drugs, no homosexuality, no homeless, no illiteracy, and no litter. Everything is clean. There is universal health care and education. It is a perfect society, flawless as a brand new coin. And it is the same jewel box presented after i visited the People’s Republic of China under Mao Tse-tung in 1976.