The Everest Base Camp Trek, among many trekking journeys in Nepal, is the preferred and sought-after trekking journey. Its popularity is huge among many travelers and trekking enthusiastic from all all over the world. It takes place within the Khumbu region of Nepal and because of the region’s many natural and cultural attributes, the Everest Base Camp Trekking is preferred by many. The trekking journey goes through many ethnic Sherpa villages, a national park, a preferred vantage point all the solution to the bottom camp of the world’s highest mountain peak- Mount Everest. It is a good solution to learn and experience Nepal’s mountain culture and to be immersed within the country’s marvelous natural landscapes and topographical features. Since Mount Everest’s first conquest by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa in 1953, trekking journeys to the bottom camp of the mountain has been rising in steady popularity. It’s cheap to do, falls under the relatively moderate trip grading level, can be done by people of all demographics and experiences and may be done at all times of the year. Base Camp Trekking to Everest also plays a significant responsibility in significant revenue generation in the country. Done by thousands of trekkers yearly, the base Camp Trek employs hundreds of porters in the mountains and provides earning opportunity to many people in the remote parts of the region. The Khumbu’s unique beauty, its cultural prominence and its many Himalayan ranges- the tallest on the earth, makes trekking journeys an experience of a lifetime.
The Everest Base Camp Trekking Trail
The EBC Trek takes place within the Khumbu region, which lies in northeastern Nepal. The Khumbu region is part of the Solukhumbu district which falls under the Sagarmatha Zone. The region is regarded as a major Sherpa settlement of the country and has many villages and towns which can be extensively occupied by Sherpa communities and individuals who follow Buddhism. As such, many chortens, Gompas, Mani-stone walls with carved prayers and colorful Buddhist prayer flags will be seen throughout the trekking journey.
From Kathmandu to Lukla
As with most trekking journeys within the Khumbu, the EBC Trek generally starts with a flight from Kathmandu to Lukla. This is the easiest, the fastest and the most popular way of starting the trekking journey from the capital. Flights from Kathmandu to Lukla occur daily always, and it lasts for about 35 to 40 minutes. Hiking to Lukla may also be done from Kathmandu, but it takes about 5 days to succeed in Lukla by hiking. The Lukla flight is considered by many as one of the dramatic flight journeys on the planet. The Lukla Airport is also located on a cliff and has a single runway that’s able to taking in just one plane at a time. The runway also drops off to the gaping valley below towards its end. Lukla is the primary major small town of the Khumbu and because it is the place to begin of many trekking journeys, it has many guesthouses and lodges that cater to tourists and trekkers. The change within the terrain and the environment is immediately felt upon landing at Lukla because the town is surrounded by tall green forest-covered hills and views of distant mountain peaks can be seen. Trekkers can stay overnight here, but most prefer to hike further out to the subsequent village of Phakding and stay there. Phakding lies approximately about 8 kilometers away from Lukla and it takes about 3 hours of hiking through beautiful trekking trail and smaller villages and settlements to succeed in.
From Lukla to Phakding to Namche Bazaar
The view of Mount Khumbila from Phakding is spectacular! After getting an excellent night’s sleep, the trekking journey continues on to the subsequent town of Namche Bazaar. Sagarmatha National Park is entered en route to Namche. The entrance to the park lies at Monjo and it’s a nice hike through the wide woods and forests of the national park to the celebrated town of Namche. Also famously known as the “Gateway to the High Himalayas Namche Bazaar is considered the commercial hub of the Khumbu region. It is extremely popular throughout Nepal and is a superb place to acclimatize. Trekkers spend at least a day in the town for acclimatization. Namche lies on a side face of a hill and presents a terrace-like topography. Houses and huts are situated at different levels of the terrace on the hill and standing at the bottom flat ground of the town is like standing on an amphitheatre. Views of Mount Everest, Thamserku and the Kongdi RI from Namche are amazing. While spending the day here, trekkers can visit the Everest Photo Gallery or the Sherpa Culture Museum. The renowned Everest View Hotel also lies slightly distance away from Namche and it’s listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the best located Hotel on the planet. A lovely respite in the hotel with tea and the view of the cerulean Mount Everest massif could be enjoyed while staying at Namche. The Syangboche Airstrip can also be visited. It lies just above Namche on a flat strip of mountain land and offers amazing panoramic view of the town and the distant Himalayas.
Namche Bazaar to Tengboche
The village of Tengboche lies at the confluence of the Imja Khola and the Dudh Koshi Rivers within the Imja Valley. It’s situated about 11 kilometers away from Namche and can be shares the same popularity as Namche. While Namche is understood as the commercial hub of the Khumbu, Tengboche is called its spiritual centre. The famous Tengboche Monastery- the largest Buddhist Monastery of the region, lies here. The monastery is visited by many trekkers for prayer and blessings of a successful trekking journey. Tengboche also provides amazing panoramic views of Himalayan peaks just like the Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Tawache and Mount Everest among many more from its ridges. The village is surrounded by tall hills which can be covered in rhododendron trees. During the spring, the blooming rhododendron flowers make the village look absolutely lively and blissful. Many Impeyan pheasants and Monal birds can be seen roosting on the trees of the forests as well. Trekkers stay overnight at the numerous guesthouses here and continue on the trek the subsequent day.
Tengboche to Dingboche
Dingboche is a small village that lies throughout the Chhukung Valley at an elevation of 4,410 meters. The trekking trail to the Everest Base Camp goes through here and because of this- Dingboche is visited by many trekkers. The village can be used for acclimatization. The Nagerjun Hill, which lies close to the village, acts like a vantage point and a brief side-hike may be taken to the hill for taking a look at beautiful panoramic views of peaks like the Lobuche East, the Lobuche West, the Kangtega, the Taboche Peak, Thamserku and the Ama Dablam. Sometimes, if the weather is evident, view of Mount Makalu will also be seen. The view of the gaping Pheriche valley fro the hill can also be quite fascinating. Another special feature of Dingboche is its kilometer long stone wall that surrounds your entire village. The wall is built to reduce the impact of the cold winds that sometimes sweeps down the valley on the village crops. Dingboche also receives more sunlight compared to other mountain villages of the Khumbu, and due to this, it is usually called “the Summer Valley Through the peak trekking seasons, many trekkers can be seen sunbathing within the village lodges.
Dingboche to the Everest Base Camp
From Dingboche, the trekking trail further opens out uphill to achieve the villages of Pheriche, Lobuche and Gorakshep; and from Gorakshep, the Everest Base Camp Trek. There lies a Trekkers Aid Post at Pheriche as well- which is run by Western Volunteer Doctors and assisted by the Himalayan Rescue Association. On the trail to the base camp, trekkers generally stop at Lobuche overnight and finally reach the bottom camp the next day. The vantage point of Kalapatthar can be visited after the base camp. Trekkers get up within the early hours of dawn and hike to Kalapatthar to look at the view of the sunrise from amidst the Mount Everest massif. It’s famed for amazing panorama of the Himalayas.
Trekking Gears and Baggage
Most of, if not all, trekking equipments and gears might be bought in Kathmandu. Gears and equipments like hiking poles and trekking boots may also be rented or hired. Important trekking equipments include warm clothes which can be lined with fleece, sunglasses, duffle bags, sleeping bags, down jackets and day packs. Although trekking boots could be bought in Kathmandu, it is recommended and advised to have one’s own trekking boots which are comfortable to wear and which have been “broken into Packing as light as possible is also the best option. Carrying only the required and essential items for the trek reduces the possibility of hassles or items being lost or misplaced. Most trekkers and travelers of the Khumbu hire porters for carrying the burden of the duffle bags. This has to be considered while packing as well. A porter can carry up to 10 to 12 kg of weight from a single trekker. That is why carrying unnecessary items and extra things aren’t ideal. Only the equipments and items that are important and useful needs to be packed. Hotels in Kathmandu generally provide the service of safety storage lockers where people can store their excess luggage until they arrive back from the trek. Baggage allowance from Kathmandu to Lukla is also only 15 kg per person. Extra 5 kg as hand-carry can also be taken.
Accommodations and Meals during the Trek
A whole number of Hotels are available for choices in Kathmandu, but that will not be the case within the mountains. In the Himalayan villages while trekking, accommodations are provided by guesthouses and lodges. Generally, twin-sharing lodge-to-lodge accommodation is essentially the most viable option available within the mountains. The accommodations are rudimentary and offer basic services. Some trekkers also tend to camp out, but with the guesthouses and the lodges, it isn’t an absolute necessity to camp out at night. Hot water can be not readily available; and so is the laundry service. The guesthouses charge extra money for using hot water. But the guesthouses and lodges are quite comfortable and some even provide wifi services. During peak trekking seasons when the crowd gets high, trekkers are expected to share the room with other trekkers (of the identical gender). Guesthouses and lodges at Namche, Phakding and Lukla even have western-style toilets.
All sorts of meals are available within the guesthouses. Both vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals are present. Breakfast and dinner are served within the guesthouses and lunch is had while on the hike from location to the next. Breakfast is served early in the morning at around 8:00 and because darkness engulfs the mountain rapidly after the sun sets, dinner usually occurs at around 5:00 or 6:00, depending on the schedule. Breakfast at most guesthouses encompass Oatmeals, bread and butter/jam/honey, pasta or noodles, eggs or Chapattis and vegetables. The meals vary from dumpling and soups to rice and lentils for lunch and dinner. Rice is the staple food of the country and is found at all places throughout the trek. It is fulfilling and provides good energy.
Drinking water may be brought from the shops within the mountains. Many springs, wells, small brooks and water-holes can found along the trekking journey at various villages. But because the water from these sources are not suitable for direct consumption, extra precautionary measures should be taken, like using water-purification tablets or water-pumps.
Altitude Sickness and Acclimatization while Trekking
Altitude Sickness is always a threat that looms over trekkers while they’re doing the Everest Base Camp Trek journey. Although the chances of actually getting sick varies from person to person, you will need to take good care of your health and to properly be acclimatized to be able to not get altitude sick in the mountains. Important pointers for staying altitude-sick free is to stay hydrated, eat contently and healthily, get loads of sleep at night and to provide proper acclimatization time for the body to adjust to high altitude. It doesn’t do good to hurry through the trek without giving the body the possibility to get used to the high altitude conditions. That is why trekking at your personal comfortable pace and going slow is the important thing to avoid the sickness. Some symptoms of the Altitude Sickness include headache, lack of sleep and lack of appetite. If the symptoms persist while trekking, then it is very important take rest and gain back strength. Medicines can also be taken for this, like Diamox. Many trekkers take medicines for Altitude Sickness from the very get-go at Kathmandu itself to avoid getting sick later on within the journey.
One of the best Time to do the Trek
Although the Everest Base Camp Trek can be done always throughout the year, the spring and the autumn seasons are considered the best trekking seasons. Spring occurs from March to May and autumn from the months of September to December. The temperature and weather during spring and autumn are average and present clear skies. The sun shines in the course of the day and temperatures drop at night, but it doesn’t hover on extreme conditions like the winter season. Winter and summer are considered as not ideal trekking months because as mentioned, winter season has extreme cold temperatures and heavy snow that may end up in some paths being blocked or snowed-in. The summer season can also be the season of summer showers and the monsoon. It rains constantly and trekking trails in the mountain become muddy. The rain clouds also cover the sight of the Himalayas. That’s the reason most trekkers arrive in Nepal for EBC Trek during autumn and spring. The trekking crowd becomes high and flights are inclined to get booked in a short time.
The Everest Base Camp Trek has many highlights. It is among the best trekking journeys on the planet and presents amazing terrains and diverse topographical hallmarks just like the Mahalangur Himalayan range, the Khumbu Glacier and Icefall, the Khumbu moraine, the vantage point of Kalapatthar, the Sagarmatha National Park, the glacial rivers of Imja and the Dudh Koshi and plenty of more, together with ethnic Sherpa and Buddhist villages. It is a perfect blend of the region’s traditional aspects with its natural elements. It truly is an adventure that needs to be done not less than once in life.