The Philippines is a country within the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one in all the most important populations on the earth. The country is an archipelago of a big group of islands surrounded by crystal clear water and beautiful and unique coral reefs. Of the 7,107 islands within the Philippines the most important is Luzon, at 105 square kilometres and just over fifty percent of the islands in the country have names, and only 350 islands are bigger than 2 and a half kilometres square. The tallest mountain range may be found on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the highest of the mountain reaches over 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak will be found on the second largest island in the country Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like many other mountains within the country Mount Apo is an active volcano. Luzon can also be the location of the capital of Manila the most important and most important Philippine city. Manila has a port that stretches around Manila bay for hundreds of years Manila bay has been the country’s heart of shipping and trade. The Visayas make up the middle a part of the Philippine islands. The biggest islands in the Visayas include Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay; Mindanao is an Philippine island within the south of the country and the second largest island in the Philippines the island measures 94,700 square kilometres.
The Philippine islands were formed by volcanoes and are a part of a mountain chain that is mostly under water. The interior of a lot of the islands have many rugged mountains with dense rain forest and because of the frequent rain fall there are lots of rivers streams and waterfalls that continually surge down the mountain sides. Due to the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain fall the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries throughout the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Unfortunately loads of the rain forest is disappearing before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 over 90 percent of the Philippine islands were covered in rain forest. Up to now the country has lost close to at least one-third of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been used and cut down for its timber and to clear land for farms and homes.
With over 7000 islands the country has a coast line more than 36,300 kilometres in length. The beaches and coastline varies across the country are very sandy in places corresponding to Boracay which is famous for its beautiful picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical plants and palm trees growing on these magnificent beaches. On some island coast lines are very rocky in place and in some places you will see grey white sand beaches and huge inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.
The rivers and lakes
Filipinos rely on fresh water from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and private day-to-day living requirements akin to drinking and washing. Pasig River is certainly one of the most important rivers in the country and flows through the capital of Manila. Within the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows through the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.
Because the country is sitting on the pacific ring of fire means the Philippines have quite a lot of active Volcanoes. One of the crucial famous volcanic eruptions happen in June 1991 within the north of Luzon for a lot of hundreds of years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted more than 1000 people killed or injured and left thousands of people homeless. The explosion created an enormous ash cloud that covered greater than 125 thousand square kilometres blanketing the world in ash rock and darkness. One of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also called Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 times up to now 400 years. Mount Mayo located on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a wonderfully shaped cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Last major eruption was in February 1814, when it destroyed 3 towns and covered another two with volcanic ash and hot larva about 1600 people died as a consequence of this eruption.
The Philippine People
For thousands of years many differing kinds people and nations have been part of the Philippines the result is a rustic and people with a singular blend of many cultures. About 30,000 BC Stone Age people settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the country was later joined by the Negritos that came across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by visitors from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the first European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men were killed through the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain established a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565
Family religion and education are very important in Filipino culture.
Weather living in the city or the country or on an isolated island family, religion and education are very highly valued by almost every one Filipinos have many positive values akin to respect for authority and a high regard for the dignity of all of the people.
Most Filipinos hold strong religious beliefs they regularly participate in religious ceremonies celebrate holy days with large festivals. The Spanish where very successful in converting the Filipino to Christianity making the Philippine the one Christian nation in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, 5 % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the biggest no Christian group within the country. Most early Filipinos were animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits generally known as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Many Filipinos believe in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic belief plays an important part in the daily life of most Filipinos.The Philippine people worship Christ mother Mary and other holy people called saints many Filipinos decorate their homes trics jeepneys boats schools of images of Christ and mother Mary.
Nearby islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines today there are several million Filipinos that follow the religion of Islam. Some Filipinos practice Taoism which is a religious belief that originated in china the most important Taoist temple within the Philippines is in Cebu.
The Filipino family
The Filipino family the essential units of the Philippine social organization which incorporates the father the mother and kids the bilateral extended family which incorporates all relatives of the Father and Mother. Of special importance the bond and unity formed by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their family as a source of strength and protection. It isn’t unusual for unmarried daughters and sons to live at home with their parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The family are very close and if someone needs help others chip in and do what they will to help the family member in need. The father-husband is the pinnacle of the family and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his wife and children. The father role and duty is to fulfill the financial needs of the family. The Filipino father is the main source of discipline within the family and sometimes uses corporal punishment on both sons and daughters although corporal punishment used on children in the Philippines is now slowly getting used less and fewer due to the Philippine society teaching and enforcing new values on raising children. The children a whole lot of Filipino mothers pamper their children these has the effect of prolonging the childhood of the children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and expectations are kept below the child’s potential this care and affection lavished upon the children creates a feeling of belonging and protection. Consequently the children will always contribute to parent’s financial support and emotional support and protection. The standard Filipino wife and mother take care of all the details to make sure the family functions as a living and loving organised family unit. The mother is in command of the house and all the small print pertaining to the children corresponding to cooking the family meal seeing the children are clothed and ready for school the paying of salary to the maids (ya -ya) and all other household expenses. Strange as it may seem women share equal place with man in Philippine society woman participation in professional work and politics is fully accepted this equality will be traced back to ancient Malayan tradition.
Education Filipino children attend six years of elementary school and four years of highschool. Classes are taught within the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys main official languages. More than 90% of all elementary attend government schools. From June until March Filipino children spend their days at school classes begin around eight in the morning in the cities like Manila and sometimes around 7 am within the rural areas before classes begin the children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a very high literacy rate which most people within the country can read and write unfortunately due to the high unemployment rate and the minimal salary paid to lower class workers corresponding to farmers and labours some children should drop out of school to work and help to support their families and some children attend schools that do not have enough school supplies and equipment corresponding to textbooks desks and chairs and computers.
The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 different major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass education of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino life. English was introduced so different people living in several parts of the Philippines could understand each other. The American declared English the country official language in the course of the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government decided to replace English with a language called Filipino also referred to as Tagalog the most widely spoken Philippine language especially throughout some of the major cities. Today Filipino and English are the country official languages. In several parts of the Philippines a while s you’ll Filipinos that can speak anywhere as much as four languages and a few times more especially the people who have traveled and lived in several parts of the country. For example theses Filipinos can speak the language from the realm they grew up in and lived in as a baby they also can speak English and Tagalog and sometimes another language that is native to where they live as an adult or learnt as a baby. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a single Filipino can speak.
The people traditional living
Half of the Philippine population live within the country near mountains forest on small islands or on the plains there are a lot of sorts of traditional homes Bahay kubo is a conventional rural home a while referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and floors are made from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and tired all the way down to timber or bamboo to form the roof. Other people within the country side live in wooden home and other cheap timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The more wealthy country Filipino live in a larger fancy modern home and houses are made from cement bricks and cement.On a number of Small Island and country areas the home has one main room with a couple of pieces of furniture and mats on the floor where the family sleeps.The kitchen is usually in another room with a wood burning stove and sometimes a small gas stove depending on how isolated the family is from the closest town. Within the larger country towns lots of the native houses have electricity and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in small villages although now an increasing number of Small Islands and villages are receiving electricity but there remains to be a whole lot of villages that don’t. The Philippine those who live in an area that does not have electricity or indoor plumbing gather water from a community well and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the evening
The people’s transportation
The first individuals who migrated to the Philippine islands used barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the very best technique of transportation of good and merchandise from island to another people also rely on these ships as ferries because the cost of a plane ticket are very expensive for the low income families. Banca a narrow wooden boat with an out boat motor attached to the back. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from both sides of the boats that function like platoons preventing the boat from tipping over or capsizing. Early Filipinos used these small boats to trade and get supplies from neighboring islands.The larger banca boats are mainly used as people ferries and huge commercial fishing boats.The smaller banca boats are used for smaller journeys in calmer water. A standard type of transport is the pedicabs a tricycle with a side cart this form of transportation are still popular in some country towns and provinces especially on the island of Leyte and Samar.
The Philippine jeepney
A Philippine icon king of the road evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a small bus made from jeeps left behind by the US army. The jeeps where transformed in to busses painted in vibrant glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and decorated with mirrors multi-coloured lights and religious icons. The jeepney smaller brother the stainless steel jeep was made and produced for practical reasons fisherman complained that seawater and the environment was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and produced the primary jeep the jeep requires less maintenance because it is difficult and doesn’t rust. The jeep is an ideal Philippine vehicle because they are adapted to the unique Philippine climate especially from the tough salt air and the unpredictable weather.