Is a popular is a well-liked green gemstone and has been present in ruins of ancient Greece and Egypt and was often called by the ancient Romans as the evening emerald because its green color shone much more vividly in lamplight, making the gem resemble deep green emerald. Peridot is the gem variety of olivine, it forms during volcanic eruptions and the stone ranges around 7 on the Mohs scale of hardness.
The green color of the stone comes from a 10-15% presence of iron. Chromium is another element which may also add to their green color. Peridot has approximately the same hardness as tanzanite and amethyst but is just not as hard as ruby, emerald, diamond, or sapphire. Within the 18th century, the yellowish-green gemstone was first called by the French as peridot, before this time, peridot was called topaz. Peridot symbolizes the goddess Peles tears in Hawaii and some of the beaches there are packed with tiny grains of peridot.
The color of the gemstone might be brown, olive, yellowish green, golden green, lime green and grass green. Peridot with a grass green color is the best peridot of Burmese and Pakistan while the most effective Arizona peridot typically has a lime green color. The value of the peridot gets higher when the green color of the stone is purer. Any tinges of brown or visible flaws will greatly diminish the value.The stone is also some of the difficult gem to polish, sometimes vinegar is used to help in the polishing process.
Peridot will not be typically enhanced or treated. For the reason that stone is relatively inexpensive, synthetic materials don’t exist. Gem quality peridot comes from Burma, Arizona, Norway, Hawaii, islands in the Red Sea, and sometimes found in meteorites. Peridot is pronounced as pear-a-dot in Arizona while in most other places they call the gem pear-a-doe. Both pronounciations are considered correct. To scrub peridot, you need to use warm mild soapy water and avoid cleaning the gem in an ultrasonic or steam cleaner.
For thousands of years, peridot has been mined as a gemstone and is also mentioned within the Bible under the name of Chrysolite. Peridot was one of many favorite gems of Cleopatra and surprisingly that some of the emeralds worn by Cleopatra were actually peridot. Ground peridot was once used as a treatment for asthma (taken internally), and it was believed that peridot brought power and influence to its wearer.