Lighthouses On The Isle Of Wight
Lighthouses on the Isle of Wight are major landmarks right here on the island. It is a perfect location for lighthouse fanatics to go to. Below you will note information regarding the lighthouses on the Isle of Wight.
Set within the western approaches to the Isle of Wight, the Needles form a slender chalky peninsula which rises from jagged rocks to 120m cliffs. These rocks have always been a hazard to ships making their means up the Solent to Portsmouth and Southampton Water.
In 1781 merchants and shipowners petitioned Trinity Home for a lighthouse. They obtained a patent in January 1782 which directed that lights should be kept burning in the nightseason whereby seafaring males and mariners might take notice and avoid hazard….. and ships and other vessels of warfare may safely cruise throughout the evening season within the British Channel.
Negotiations must have failed as a result of it was not till 1785 that Trinity House erected to the designs of R. Jupp, for 30 years surveyor to the East India Firm, three lighthouses on the Needles, St. Catherine’s Point and Hurst Point. The Needles tower was lighted on the 29th September 1786. Because the tower was situated on top of a cliff overhanging Scratchell’s Bay, the light which was 144m above sea level was typically obscured by sea mists and fog and was therefore of restricted use to mariners.
In 1859 Trinity House deliberate a new lighthouse to be constructed on the outermost of the chalk rocks close to sea stage. It was designed by James Walker and cost £20,000. The circular granite tower has perpendicular sides and is 33.25m excessive, of uniform diameter with an unevenly stepped base to interrupt the waves and discourage sea sweeping up the tower. The wall varies from 1.07m in thickness at the entrance, to zero.61m at the highest. Much of the base rock was reduce away to type the foundation and cellars and storehouses had been excavated within the chalk.
The light at the Needles has two white, two pink and one green sector, with one of many crimson sectors intensified, these are set out as follows:
Crimson intensified sector shore to 300 marks the St Anthony Rocks
White sector 300 to 083 marks the strategy to the Needles Channel from the west
Red sector 083 to 212 marks the Shingles Financial institution
White sector 212 to 217 marks the course by means of the Needles Channel
Green sector 217 to 224 marks a secure channel previous the Hatherwood Rocks and the Warden Ledge
A helipad was built on prime of the Needles Lighthouse in 1987.
The Needles Lighthouse was automated in 1994, the keepers left the lighthouse for the last time on 8th December. Needles was the final Trinity House lighthouse powered by 100V DC electricity from it’s personal generators; to allow the automation to be carried out mains energy has been provided by way of a subsea cable from the Needles Battery, which provides 240V AC energy for the brand new tools.
The original optic with it is arrangements of inexperienced and purple glass giving the different colored sectors of mild remained after automation however a new three place lampchanger was installed with two 1500W 240V principal lamps and a 24V battery powered emergency lamp.
The supertyphon air pushed fog sign was changed by two Honeywell ELG 500 Hz directional fog signals controlled by way of a fog detector. The emitter stacks had been mounted at gallery stage exterior the helideck construction.
The Needles is monitored and managed by way of a cellphone telemetry link from the Trinity House Operations Control Centre at Harwich, Essex.
Established : 1786
Top Of Tower: 31 Metres
Top Of Light Above Mean Excessive Water: 24 Metres
Lamp: 1500W 240V
Optic: 2nd Order 700Mm Mounted Lens
Character: White, Purple And Inexperienced Group Occurring Twice Each 20 Seconds (Gentle 14 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds, Gentle 2 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds)
Depth: Red (Intensified) 3,950 Candela, White 12,300 Candela, Pink 1,800 Candela, Green 2,680 Candela
Range Of Gentle: Purple (Intensified) 17 Sea Miles, White 17 Sea Miles, Purple 14 Sea Miles, Inexperienced 14 Sea Miles
Fog Signal Character: Sounding Twice Every 30 Seconds
ST CATHERINE’S LIGHTHOUSE
St Catherine’s Lighthouse is situated at Niton Undercliffe, 5 miles from Ventnor on the Isle of Wight and includes a white octagonal tower with 94 steps as much as the lantern. The principle gentle, seen for up to 30 nautical miles in clear weather is the third most powerful gentle in the Trinity House Service giving a guide to transport within the Channel in addition to vessels approaching the Solent.
There is a fixed red subsidiary light displayed from a window 7 metres beneath the primary light and shown westward over the Atherfield Ledge. It’s visible for 17 miles in clear weather, and was first exhibited in 1904. Both lights are electric, and standby battery lights are offered in case of a energy failure.
A small light was first set up at St. Catherine’s in about 1323 by Walter de Godyton. He erected a chapel and added an endowment for a priest to say Masses for his household and to exhibit lights at evening to warn ships from approaching too close to this dangerous coast, both purposes being fulfilled till about 1530 when the Reformation swept away the endowment. Neither the present lighthouse tower lighted in March 1840, nor the chapel of which the ruins remain, held these historic lights. The current tower was constructed in 1838 following the lack of the crusing ship CLARENDON on rocks close to the location of the present lighthouse. The lighthouse was built of ashlar stoneisland uk stone with dressed quoins and was carried up from a base plinth as a three tier octagon, diminishing by levels. The elevation of the sunshine proved to be too high, as the lantern often became mist capped and in 1875 it was decided to lower the sunshine thirteen metres by taking about 6 metres out of the uppermost section of the tower and about 7 metres out of the middle tier, which destroyed its beauty and made it appear dwarfed.
At that time the fog signal house was situated near the edge of the cliff but owing to erosion and cliff settlements the constructing developed such serious cracks that in 1932 it grew to become obligatory to seek out a brand new place for the fog sign, which was eventually mounted on a decrease tower annexed to the front of the lighthouse tower, and built as a small replica. The resultant effect has been to present a well proportioned step down between the two towers which are now expressively referred to by the native inhabitants as “The Cow and the Calf”. The fog sign was discontinued in 1987.
A tragic incident befell at the station in the course of the Second World Conflict. On the 1st June 1943 a bombing raid destroyed the engine house killing the three keepers on responsibility who had taken shelter in the building. R.T. Grenfell, C. Tomkins and W.E. Jones were buried within the native cemetery at Niton village and a plaque in remembrance of them is displayed on the ground flooring of the main tower.
St Catherines Lighthouse was automated in 1997 with the keepers leaving the lighthouse on 30 July.
The lighthouse had been a weather reporting station for the Meteorological Office for some years;the keepers made hourly experiences which included the temperature, humidity, cloud height and formation and wind route and force. Following demanning of the lighthouse an automated weather reporting station was installed which sends particulars of the weather situations to the Met. Workplace.
The lighthouse itself is now monitored and managed from the Trinity Home Operations Management Centre at Harwich in Essex.
Height Of Tower: 27 Metres
Height Of Gentle Above Imply Excessive Water: Forty one Metres
Automated: 30 July 1997
Lamp: 2 X 400 W Mbi Lamp
Optic: 2nd Order 4 Panel Catadioptric
Character: One White Flash Each 5 Seconds
Intensity: 927,000 Candela
Vary Of Mild: 26 Sea Miles
EGYPT Point (This light is just not operational)
Photograph: Steven Winter
Tower Height: 25 ft.
Description of Tower: Red submit with white lantern, on round white base.
Date Established: 1897
Date Current Tower Constructed: 1897
Date Deactivated: 1989
THE NAB TOWER
This curious looking object a couple of miles to the South East of Bembridge began life throughout the first World War as part of an anti-submarine defence system. During 1916 the British Admiralty, alarmed by the losses of allied merchant transport to German U-boats designed four or six towers that were to be built and positioned within the Straits of Dover. They would be linked together with steel nets and armed with two four” guns. Nonetheless when the Armistice was signed in 1918 only one of the deliberate towers was wherever near completion. The others had been dismantled, however what was to be accomplished with this ninety two foot tall metallic cylinder (costing one million pounds sterling, in those days), sitting on its raft of concrete
Till the tip of the primary World Warfare the dangerous Nab Rock had been marked by a lightship, and it was decided to replace this with a hard and fast lighthouse. The brand new lighthouse was floated into place and the concrete raft (189ft lengthy, by 150ft extensive, by 80ft deep) flooded so the tower might sit on a shingle bank close to the Nab Rock.
As will be seen from the photograph the tower took up a distinct angle (3 degrees from the vertical in direction of the Northeast) when it settled. The lighthouse used to be manned by a crew of 4, however in common with all Britain’s lighthouses it is now unmanned and is totally automated.
During WWII the Nab was armed with two 40mm Bofors Guns and was credited with taking pictures down 3½ enemy aircraft (the half was shared with a passing ship).
The tower nonetheless offers a welcoming sight to seafarers returning to the Solent at the end of their Stone Island Jumpers Jackets voyage. In November 1999 the Nab was hit by a freighter, the Dole-America, carrying a cargo of bananas and pineapples. The ship was badly broken and only avoided sinking by being run-aground. The bottom of the tower suffered solely superficial harm.
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