New Zealand Taonga
What is Greenstone
Greenstone is the frequent nom de plume for two kinds of rock found in the South Island of new Zealand. The more common of the two is Nephrite, a calcium magnesium silicate and the second, Bowenite, a iron magnesium silicate. Increasingly the Maori identify for Greenstone, Pounamu, is being adopted back into frequent usage by New Zealanders.
To Maori Pounamu is considered Taonga or treasure and the stone island waterproof jacket significance place on it may be seen within the identify initially given by maori to the south island of latest Zealand – “Te Wahi Pouname” or “the place of Pounamu”.
To the wider world Greenstone is also described as New Zealand Jade, Jade being the commonly used term to describe the minerals Nephrite generally shades of grays and greens, and Jadeite which incorporates additionally blacks, reds, pinks and violets. Bowenite falls exterior the classification of Jade though in New Zealand it is considered Pounamu or Greenstone.
In recent times as part of the Waitangi Tribunal process for addressing grievances by the Maori Peoples of latest Zealand, possession of all Pounamu occurring in its pure state has been vested within the Ngai Tahu tribe. Most exploitation of Pounamu or Greenstone is tightly managed by Ngai Tahu with a purpose to ensure the sustainability of the stone for future generations. Ngai tahu, nevertheless, recognising that collection of Greenstone is taken into account by all New Zealanders to be a part of their cultural heritage, enable the gathering of Greenstone from south island west coast beaches the place the stone has been exposed by natural processes of erosion and is of a dimension that a single person is able to carry it.
Where is it discovered
Though smaller deposits are present in different places around the globe, the primary trendy source of Nephrite Jade is Canada. New Zealand Nephrite comes completely from the South Island Of latest Zealand and Bowenite from just a small area around Milford Sound.
What’s it used for
Historically, as Maori had no metals Poumanu was used to make weapons such as the mere or club and instruments corresponding to adzes along with personal ornaments equivalent to Hei Tiki, Manaia, Fishhooks and Koru. These items had been and are revered and handed down by families as heirlooms. At this time, Greenstone or Pounamu carvings are a preferred present for brand new Zealanders and guests alike.
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