Design Inside the Non-Biological Realm
My central premise here is that you already know design once you see it. You already know design when in reality one thing is designed. However how are you aware design whenever you see it There are normally three criteria that assist you or that seem to apply here. The first is variety (both within the class of objects as well as inside the item itself). If one thing non-residing is available in a sort of a Heinz 57-selection choice, then perhaps design is at work. In addition, if any individual object is composed of a wide variety of components, then it stands a great likelihood it was designed. The second is symmetry. Objects that have symmetry seem to be more possible designed as not designed. The third is complexity. The greater the complexity the more doubtless there was a designer behind the complexity. Something that has variety, complexity and symmetry is highly more likely to be designed*. For example:
Ant Hills / Nests; Aztec / Mayan / Egyptian Pyramids; Bicycles (and related automobiles); Birds Nest; Furniture (i.e. – chairs, tables); DVDs / CDs; Digital Items and Tools; Jewellery (i.e. – earrings, rings, bracelets); Easter Island Statues; Radio Telescopes; Rosetta Stone (and different inscribed tablets); Roundabouts; Rubik’s Cube; Rules / Laws; Skyscrapers (i.e. – Empire State Building); Swimming Pools; Sydney Harbour Bridge (and related structures); Television Sets; Items of Measurement; Watches / Clocks; and so forth.
Clouds; Coastlines; Flames; Galaxies; Lakes / Ponds; Lightning Bolts; Mountains; Rivers / Streams; Salt Crystals (and related mineralogy**); and so on.
You in all probability wouldn’t consider any basic particle to be designed since, for example, an electron does not are available a large number of varieties, nor is an electron in itself advanced – an electron being completely elementary or basic, and an electron in and of itself does not have symmetry with respect to its electric charge or ‘spin’. An atom of gold is an atom of gold is an atom of gold. You see one atom of gold, you have seen all of them.
However, you might argue that there’s all kinds of various kinds of elementary particles with many symmetries between them and complex interactions between the lot, some of which result in atomic structures of which there are a wide variety of sorts (92 natural ones) and symmetries and advanced interactions which end in molecules, and so on.
So what other non-living, non-human designed object do you think both has variety, symmetry and complexity Well, what about planets and stars
There’s quite a variety in the high quality gradient from one (planets) by means of to another (stars). There’s no longer a effective sharp distinction between planets and stars. Gas giants (like Jupiter) morph into brown dwarfs which morph into low mass stars. Jupiter has typically been known as a “failed star” having not quite achieved enough mass to ignite stellar fusion. Still Jupiter ‘shines’ in the infra-red since it emits more energy than it actually receives from the Sun. Even Earth ‘shines’ in the infra-red as a result of radiation of its inner heat.
In the stellar category itself we have now a lot of variety from quasars to black holes to neutron stars (pulsars) to variable stars to crimson giants, brown dwarfs, crimson dwarfs, white dwarfs, and many others. Then too are all those distinctions and subdivisions made in the primary sequence of stars which all astronomy students memorize because the pneumonic OBAFGKMRN (oh be a high-quality girl kiss me right now).
There’s lots and lots of planetary variety too, especially true when including the numerous moons that abound in orbit around them. You might have planets with and without moons and with moons of all sizes some rivalling planets in size and complexity. Within those moons surrounding the Jovian planets, you could have oceans of various chemistries both with and without international icecaps.
Each planet (major and minor) is unique. You may have your rocky terrestrial worlds with and without atmospheres and atmospheres both thick and thin and in-between. You’ve bought in our solar system 4 fuel giants and no one, even laypersons even considerably acquainted with planetary astronomy has any trouble telling them apart. Actually a strong argument could possibly be made that Jupiter and Saturn are the 2 most picturesque of the planets – the jewels of the solar system.
Now add in all of the range found to this point in extra-solar planets, like ‘hot Jupiters’.
In addition, each star and planet in and of itself exhibits much internal variety from boundary to core as any cross-part illustrated in textbooks makes clear.
There may be a number of sorts of symmetry in stars and planets. There can be north-south symmetry at the least with respect to planetary stone island tortoise shell t shirt atmospheres – terrestrial and Jovian (the gas giants) as well as stellar atmospheres. There are layered symmetries as in – utilizing Earth for example – ambiance (itself divided into layers), crust, mantle, outer core, and interior core.
Our own solar system can rival in complexity and symmetries anything that humans have designed.
In both stars and planets you have got the complete complement, repertoire, operation of physics (micro and macro) and chemistry (with the exception for my functions here of biochemistry as I’m assuming a lifeless Universe) with all associated forces and fields in play.
Both planets and stars are multi-layered with advanced interactions generating for example magnetic fields, auroras, and climatic programs.
On the whole there can be advanced inter land / sea / air interactions as well as advanced intra interactions within the land (lithosphere), sea (hydrosphere) and air (ambiance).
Even without life, Planet Earth would exhibit advanced recycling programs. There would nonetheless be a water cycle. There would nonetheless be rock recycling through plate tectonics. There would nonetheless be a carbon cycle, or quite a carbon dioxide cycle.
The carbon dioxide cycle can be such that terrestrial volcanoes and the weathering of rocks would release carbon dioxide and carbon dioxide can be integrated by dissolving into the chemistry of the oceans finally precipitated or included into marine sediments which finally get converted into rock.
If it wasn’t for the fact that we’ve seen them, would we humans been capable of mentally alone conceive of comets Even having mastered all of physics and chemistry, might the human thoughts have conceived of a Jupiter or Saturn, Titan or Venus, had they not already offered themselves to us
As we have explored the photo voltaic system the unexpected has come to be the expected. Volcanoes on Io (a moon of Jupiter) and an ocean (under the ice) on Europa (another moon of Jupiter) and hydrocarbon lakes and methane rain on Titan (a satellite of Saturn) are examples in level.
Then there’s that odd coincidence ( ) that only the Earth-Moon-Sun configuration produces solar eclipses in our Solar System. The Moon could be 400 instances smaller than the Sun but the Sun is 400 instances farther away and so the face of the Moon can just block out the face of the Sun producing solar eclipses for our ‘enjoyment’ as well as for astronomers to conduct astronomical research into solar physics and special relativity as effectively.
Now I’m effectively aware that astronomers, both stellar and planetary can explain almost the entire above by naturalistic means – albeit that doesn’t mean that unexplained (to date) anomalies do not still exist. Still, stars and planets collectively have all the components of a master painting on a cosmic canvas.
*That’s not to say that some non-designed things can have lots of variety (like clouds), or symmetry (like volcanoes), or complexity (climate), it’s just that non-designed objects don’t tend to exhibit all three criteria. Clouds aren’t overly symmetrical or complex. Volcanoes don’t have a substantial amount of variety and aren’t overly complex. Climate may exhibit some variety (albeit not really that much) but doesn’t have much symmetry accorded to it.
Further, non-designed elements may be included into something designed, like natural rocks can be incorporated into a wall, or a rock garden or even a house. Or, non-designed elements might emerge naturally from what has been designed. Taking planets and stars for example, the good Crimson Spot (of Jupiter) or terrestrial clouds or solar flares may emerge naturally and un-designed from the design itself. Expect the unexpected!
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