Ice Age Animals
Training and Science»
History did God place these creatures on the earth to show man humility, to teach him to outlive Genesis, Chapter One offers believers an inarguable answer to this query: “God blessed them (Adam and Eve); and God stated to them, ‘Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over each living factor that strikes on the earth.'” (New American Customary Bible).
This one verse teaches us that God made man to rule over what we envision at this time as superhuman beasts with monstrously massive teeth and claws to match, in addition to majestic reptiles that yearned for nothing greater than the salad provided by the creator’s splendid garden buffet. That man was meant to rule over them is satisfied by the knowledge that humanity has survived the place their as soon as nice numbers dwindled into extinction. Scientists do not share my beliefs, and they don’t should. Nor do I should share theirs…………..
To go back in time would imply to turn out to be prey to the beasts that roamed the world before us. May I survive even someday Would I find myself within the midst of Hollywood’s Jurassic Park, solely to become a small slice of meat on the night menu Would I miss all the things I yearn to see as a result of I might run lickety break up to the closest place I might discover to cover myself, only to be swallowed whole by the hungry vegetation I’ve never studied
The world of yesterday holds extra mystery than any one individual is capable of imagining, and I know that if I had the prospect to go to, the things I might prefer to see can be the shifting, respiration animals we read about in our history books. The furry animals, you know, the ultra giant versions of the animals we see at this time. The enormous cats slinking via the tundra; the supersized elephant of yesterday sporting matted hair and unimaginable tusks; the animals that if I had them inside shut enough proximity (and muzzled), I might prefer to scratch behind the ears. But enough of that………… let’s meet them.
The Ice Age
The Earth has skilled many adjustments since its creation. One of these adjustments is known as the “ice age,” a period of time in which giant parts of the world had been buried below large sheets of ice. A few of these ice sheets are believed to have been tons of of toes deep, and in the course of the coldest instances, approximately one third of the Earth’s land was blanketed beneath the frosty layer.
Through the Ice Age; North America, Europe, and Asia have been residence to the big glaciers that rose up like mountains on the horizon. These large rivers of ice slowly moved downhill grinding away at the landscape, crushing soil and rocks, utilizing their immense weight to mold the land beneath them. Many of these glaciers would have made the tallest buildings in existence today appear small compared.The layers of packed ice beneath them are believed to have measured more than a mile deep.
Animals of the Ice Age battled daily for survival. Seasonal adjustments and barely hotter weather through the summer months would melt the ice and produce forth streams to feed surviving plant life. Many plants were buried within the snow; the flowing water helped them develop again, and the animals that wanted them for nourishment had been afforded the prospect to outlive simply somewhat longer.
Many animals escaped the chilly and ice by migrating to areas with warmer climates. They traveled long distances, trekking throughout what was sometimes treacherous terrain. Their path was carefully chosen by instinct and a need for survival; they followed their noses, as it have been.
The creatures who selected to not make the journey found different lodging. They made do with what they had. Movements of glaciers had not solely carved paths by the land; they’d carved out areas within the hills and cliffs Stone Island Jeans as properly. The result of these natural carvings had been caves, and the caves provided shelter and protection for the animals who made them home.
Right now, hyenas are only found in Africa. Until in fact, you go to them at the local zoo. However hundreds of years in the past hyenas could have been found wandering by way of much of the European countryside and residing within many of Europe’s finest caves.
Caves sheltered newborn litters and gave the hyena someplace to feast on a recent kill. Hyenas both lived, hunted, and traveled as packs.
Another cave dweller was the Ursus-spelaeus, higher recognized as the “cave bear.” Standing seven toes tall, the cave bear would have been extremely intimidating. Think concerning the grizzly bear…………. he may stand over three meters tall and weigh in at a couple of thousand pounds…………… the cave bear; he was greater!
Cave bears lived all through much of Europe, and just like the hyenas, they lived in groups. The remains of greater than 100,000 cave bears have been present in caves all through Europe, most notably in Austria.
It’s believed that the cave bears have been vegetarians, and data gathered from the research of their stays has concluded that a superb many of the bears died throughout hibernation. Signs of sickness and disease had been evident in research that have been carried out on specimens of all ages. By the tip of the Ice Age, these bears had disappeared.
The “Woolly Mammoth
The best known animal of the ice age, and my own private favorite, would be the woolly mammoth. The title mammoth, derived from an old Siberian phrase, means “earth burrower.”
When originally given its name, the mammoth was not thought to be an historical, lengthy extinct, prehistoric creature. As a substitute, it was believed to have been an underworld beast, one thing that lived underground in a burrow, by no means to surface because the open air would mean sure demise. The mammoth was likened to a mole. Needless to say, those preliminary observations have been incorrect.
Removed from creatures who burrowed beneath the earth’s floor, these “giants” stood more than nine feet tall at the shoulder and sported large, curving tusks. Tusks have been important instruments that allowed the mammoth to sweep apart snow and dig for the food buried beneath it; they were also helpful in the course of the mating season when the male mammoths busied themselves with fighting over the girls.
The woolly mammoth was covered with long, shaggy hair that could attain three feet in length; thus its name. However the woolly mammoth needed excess of a coat of shaggy hair to keep heat in the ice age surroundings; he actually sported not only one, however three coats of fur.
The woolly mammoth’s outer coat was very coarse and really lengthy. Beneath that wooly layer was a thinner, shorter underfur that measured ten to twelve inches and provided extra safety. A mammoth’s third layer of fur was its undercoat, a thick layer of wool next to the pores and skin. Although this layer solely measured one to 3 inches, it might have been the most important as it supplied needed warmth in an unfriendly setting. Further insulation was offered by 4 inches of fat situated simply beneath the mammoth’s pores and skin. In different phrases…………. he was all the time ready to exit and play; no jacket required.
Mammoths originated in Africa but eventually they migrated to far away places, and took up residence in North America, Europe, and Asia. They traveled in herds trying to find plants. Moss, grasses, herbs, and ferns had been favorites. It is alleged that they consumed a median of 300 pounds of vegetation per day; now that is a big salad! Plants were pulled from the ground by the mammoth’s trunk which served as a really robust, very flexible, and intensely useful appendage. The mammoth’s trunk allowed it to really feel and grasp for things. We’re capable of observe comparable movements within the modern-day elephant.
Surprisingly, they say that outside of people looking for meals, the mammoth’s most active predator was the wolf. It was during this interval that the now extinct Dire Wolf roamed the world, specifically in North America. Large concentrations of fossilized stays have been discovered throughout California and Florida. The big numbers of fossils in these areas are attributed to their glorious conditions for preservation.
Packs of hungry wolves would stalk the herd and select its weakest member; then they’d give chase, tiring the animal to the point they may encompass and convey it down. Dire wolves differ from the wolves we all know at this time in that they had been a lot larger, had sharper teeth and stronger jaws (perfect for crushing bones), shorter, stronger legs, and smaller brains. Seeing that the grey wolf migrated over the land bridge of Berengia some years after the dire wolf; I should surprise if intelligence had anything to do with the survival of 1 and the extinction of the opposite. Perhaps someday we’ll discover out.
Early cave art contains many depictions of the woolly mammoth. Most of those works have been discovered in the caves discovered in France and Spain. They are believed to be 1000’s of years outdated.
Sabre Tooth Tiger
It is not difficult to understand how the saber-toothed tiger bought its identify. Their large entrance teeth were razor sharp and shaped liked the sabers (swords) we see on film and in museums. Many variations of the saber-toothed cats stalked their manner via most each continent on the planet before their eventual descent into extinction.
Rising to greater than nine toes in size, the saber-tooth tiger was far bigger than the tigers we all know at this time. They boasted powerful front legs and shoulders, extremely large jaws that had the flexibility to open to an angle of over 120 degrees, and fangs measuring up to 10 inches long. Not one to waste time, the saber-tooth tiger aimed to kill its prey by penetrating the gentle folds of its neck.
As robust as they were, the saber-tooth tiger didn’t at all times have it simple. Their prey was often greater, stronger, and greater than ready to combat again. Brittle teeth had been one among this large cat’s weaknesses; missing their mark and connecting with bone would usually lead to broken teeth. Scientists imagine that many a tooth was fractured while attacking the belly of one other beast and hitting the ribs of their prey. The saber-tooth cats had been intimidating and a force to be reckoned with, however they were not invincible.
La Brea Tar Pits
The La Brea tar pits in California have been a death lure for many ice age animals, and most of the stays which were excavated from the site are both complete and intact. Entrapment within the sticky tar would have made for a gradual and agonizing demise in its own right, but to be eaten alive by predators such as the saber-tooth whereas sinking into the ooze and stench must have made that slow death even more unbearable. I wonder if it would have given the animals any sense of justice to know that the predators who attacked them at their weakest normally followed them into the abyss. The tar pits didn’t decide and choose; every thing was fair sport, and all the pieces was devoured complete.
To sight a Megaloceros can be any modern day hunter’s dream. Making their houses in Europe and in sections of Central Asia, the Megaloceros boasted the most important antlers of any deer that has ever existed. Through the growing season, the male deer’s antlers would develop at a price of a quarter inch per day. By the top of the season their crown would span an approximate size of nine toes.
These immense antlers had been a source of satisfaction and an indication of vigor. As the top of the growing season marked the transition into the mating season, these deer would develop into combatants in contests that might require both strength and endurance. Giant males present evidence of getting weighed in at up to 1,540 pounds, with 80 of these pounds carried on the tops of their heads. Their prize was the correct to mate. Shortly after mating, the females would go off to live on their own, and the males would do the identical.
For the male, the end of the season was marked by the loss of his antlers; they simply fell off, leaving the male a bit lighter and affording him the required agility he wanted to maneuver about throughout the tough winter. Come spring, his antlers would once again begin to develop aided by a food regimen that consisted of grass, trees, and willow shoots. Willow shoots provided the vast amounts of calcium essential to enhance the antlers progress.
Many remains of the Megaloceros have been discovered in the peat bogs of Eire. Due to this, the Megaloceros is commonly mistakenly called the “Irish Elk.” It is believed that many of these majestic animals died because the scale of their antlers made it tough to navigate by timber. Changing into entangled in the branches of their environment; having their antlers grow to such an excellent dimension that they found themselves unable to lift their heads; and malnutrition are three of the reasons given for his or her eventual extinction.
Castoroides- The large Beaver
Long ago, North America offered a house for the Castoroides (big beaver). Dwelling within the lakes and forests of the continent, this very giant amplification of present day beavers lower by wooden with six inch teeth, grew to a length of eight toes, and will weigh up to 4 hundred pounds.
This ingenious rodent lived by means of the last ice age stone island jacket that changes colours earlier than changing into extinct. The cause of its demise stays unknown, as does its purpose. Nobody is aware of if the Castoroides was a “builder” like its modern-day counterpart, nor do they know the explanations for its extinction. Minnesota proudly embraces the Castoroides as their state fossil.
Earlier than the Earth’s plates shifted, becoming a member of the South and North American continents, South America was an island. While much of the world struggled with the ice and bitter temperatures, its region was more temperate than others.
South America’s habitat supplied properties for a lot of species that lived nowhere else on this planet. After the eventual joining of the North and South American continents, at a small stretch of land called the Isthmus of Panama, the animals of the 2 continents began to move freely between the 2. Opossums, sloths, and armadillos trekked northward, while animals like mice, wolves, bears and squirrels made their approach south.
The Megatherium, or large sloth, was the largest of its species. Measuring as much as nineteen ft long from the top of their heads to the tips of their tails, they did not cling from bushes like their distant relations in at present’s rain forests.
Walking on the knuckles of their entrance paws, they used their tails for balance when plucking tasty morsels from the trees. And in the event that they couldn’t attain them at their full standing peak of twenty feet, they’d easy break the branches down. At a full weight of five tons, I can solely think about how a lot food they’d eat per day, and I might guess there have been many damaged branches left behind from their foraging.
Australia’s ice age mammals are mentioned to be all marsupials (animals that both feed and care for their younger ones in a pouch). Likened to a present day hippo, the most important marsupial was the wombat-like Diprotodon, a vegetarian. Tipping the scales at more than two tons, many wombat stays have been discovered in deep mud. Footprints have concluded that like the wombat, the Diprotodon’s entrance ft turned inward, mistakenly giving the impression it was pigeon toed. Large claws are believed to have enabled the Diprotodon to dig up the roots of plants. It’s presumed that many of those mammals turned trapped in the mud while trying to reach for foliage.
One other of Australia’s ice age animals is a distant relative to the purple kangaroo. The Procoptodon, additionally identified because the “mega-roo,” was twice the size of its current day household member. Standing roughly ten toes tall and weighing nearly five hundred pounds, the Procoptodon may transfer (hop) at speeds round 30 mph. The Procoptodon fed on grass and bushes, dwelling much because the newer, smaller kangaroos do today.
After the ice age got here to an finish, most creatures found life easier. The bitter chilly slowly gave in to extra temperate climates, vegetation was capable of develop and unfold unhindered, and the migrations of man and beast unfold out over the globe.
Many ice age animals didn’t reside by this new change. All of the animals mentioned above ultimately disappeared from the landscape. Archaeological discoveries have unearthed and supplied us with a glimpse into the previous. Without them we wouldn’t bear in mind that these huge variations of at the moment’s animals once lived….they don’t exist ANYMORE!!!!
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