Lighthouses On The Isle Of Wight
Lighthouses on the Isle of Wight are major landmarks right here on the island. It is a perfect location for lighthouse enthusiasts to go to. Below you will see data concerning the lighthouses on the Isle of Wight.
Set in the western approaches to the Isle of Wight, the Needles type a narrow chalky peninsula which rises from jagged rocks to 120m cliffs. These rocks have always been a hazard to ships making their means up the Solent to Portsmouth and Southampton Water.
In 1781 merchants and shipowners petitioned Trinity House for a lighthouse. They obtained a patent in January 1782 which directed that lights ought to be stored burning within the nightseason whereby seafaring males and mariners might take discover and avoid hazard….. and ships and different vessels of conflict might safely cruise through the night time season in the British Channel.
Negotiations will need to have failed because it was not until 1785 that Trinity Home erected to the designs of R. Jupp, for 30 years surveyor to the East India Firm, three lighthouses on the Needles, St. Catherine’s Level and Hurst Level. The Needles tower was lighted on the 29th September 1786. Because the tower was situated on prime of a cliff overhanging Scratchell’s Bay, the sunshine which was 144m above sea stage was often obscured by sea mists and fog and was therefore of restricted use to mariners.
In 1859 Trinity House deliberate a brand new lighthouse to be constructed on the outermost of the chalk rocks close to sea degree. It was designed by James Walker and price £20,000. The circular granite tower has perpendicular sides and is 33.25m high, of uniform diameter with an unevenly stepped base to break the waves and discourage sea sweeping up the tower. The wall varies from 1.07m in thickness on the entrance, to long sleeve polo stone island zero.61m at the highest. Much of the base rock was minimize away to kind the muse and cellars and storehouses were excavated in the chalk.
The light on the Needles has two white, two crimson and one green sector, with one of many red sectors intensified, these are set out as follows:
Red intensified sector shore to 300 marks the St Anthony Rocks
White sector 300 to 083 marks the method to the Needles Channel from the west
Crimson sector 083 to 212 marks the Shingles Bank
White sector 212 to 217 marks the course by the Needles Channel
Inexperienced sector 217 to 224 marks a secure channel past the Hatherwood Rocks and the Warden Ledge
A helipad was constructed on high of the Needles Lighthouse in 1987.
The Needles Lighthouse was automated in 1994, the keepers left the lighthouse for the final time on 8th December. Needles was the last Trinity Home lighthouse powered by 100V DC electricity from it is own generators; to enable the automation to be carried out mains power has been supplied by way of a subsea cable from the Needles Battery, which supplies 240V AC power for the new equipment.
The original optic with it’s preparations of green and crimson glass giving the totally different coloured sectors of light remained after automation but a new three position lampchanger was put in with two 1500W 240V main lamps and a 24V battery powered emergency lamp.
The supertyphon air driven fog signal was replaced by two Honeywell ELG 500 Hz directional fog signals managed by the use of a fog detector. The emitter stacks have been mounted at gallery level outdoors the helideck structure.
The Needles is monitored and controlled through a cellphone telemetry hyperlink from the Trinity Home Operations Control Centre at Harwich, Essex.
Established : 1786
Peak Of Tower: 31 Metres
Peak Of Mild Above Imply High Water: 24 Metres
Lamp: 1500W 240V
Optic: 2nd Order 700Mm Fixed Lens
Character: White, Red And Green Group Occurring Twice Every 20 Seconds (Mild 14 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds, Light 2 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds)
Intensity: Red (Intensified) 3,950 Candela, White 12,300 Candela, Crimson 1,800 Candela, Green 2,680 Candela
Vary Of Mild: Crimson (Intensified) 17 Sea Miles, White 17 Sea Miles, Red 14 Sea Miles, Green 14 Sea Miles
Fog Signal Character: Sounding Twice Every 30 Seconds
ST CATHERINE’S LIGHTHOUSE
St Catherine’s Lighthouse is situated at Niton Undercliffe, 5 miles from Ventnor on the Isle of Wight and includes a white octagonal tower with 94 steps as much as the lantern. The principle gentle, seen for up to 30 nautical miles in clear weather is the third most powerful light in the Trinity House Service giving a guide to transport within the Channel in addition to vessels approaching the Solent.
There is a fixed red subsidiary gentle displayed from a window 7 metres below the primary mild and proven westward over the Atherfield Ledge. It is seen for 17 miles in clear weather, and was first exhibited in 1904. Both lights are electric, and standby battery lights are supplied in case of a energy failure.
A small light was first set up at St. Catherine’s in about 1323 by Walter de Godyton. He erected a chapel and added an endowment for a priest to say Plenty for his family and to exhibit lights at evening to warn ships from approaching too near this harmful coast, both purposes being fulfilled till about 1530 when the Reformation swept away the endowment. Neither the current lighthouse tower lighted in March 1840, nor the chapel of which the ruins remain, held these historical lights. The present tower was constructed in 1838 following the loss of the sailing ship CLARENDON on rocks near the location of the current lighthouse. The lighthouse was built of ashlar stone with dressed quoins and was carried up from a base plinth as a three tier octagon, diminishing by phases. The elevation of the sunshine proved to be too excessive, because the lantern frequently turned mist capped and in 1875 it was determined to decrease the light thirteen metres by taking about 6 metres out of the uppermost part of the tower and about 7 metres out of the middle tier, which destroyed its beauty and made it seem dwarfed.
At the moment the fog sign home was situated close to the sting of the cliff however owing to erosion and cliff settlements the building developed such severe cracks that in 1932 it became needed to search out a brand new place for the fog signal, which was eventually mounted on a lower tower annexed to the entrance of the lighthouse tower, and constructed as a small replica. The resultant impact has been to offer a properly proportioned step down between the 2 towers which are now expressively referred to by the native inhabitants as “The Cow and the Calf”. The fog sign was discontinued in 1987.
A tragic incident passed off at the station during the Second World War. On the first June 1943 a bombing raid destroyed the engine home killing the three keepers on responsibility who had taken shelter in the constructing. R.T. Grenfell, C. Tomkins and W.E. Jones were buried within the local cemetery at Niton village and a plaque in remembrance of them is displayed on the ground floor of the principle tower.
St Catherines Lighthouse was automated in 1997 with the keepers leaving the lighthouse on 30 July.
The lighthouse had been a weather reporting station for the Meteorological Workplace for some years;the keepers made hourly reports which included the temperature, humidity, cloud top and formation and wind course and power. Following demanning of the lighthouse an automated weather reporting station was installed which sends particulars of the weather conditions to the Met. Office.
The lighthouse itself is now monitored and managed from the Trinity Home Operations Management Centre at Harwich in Essex.
Top Of Tower: 27 Metres
Top Of Gentle Above Imply High Water: 41 Metres
Automated: 30 July 1997
Lamp: 2 X 400 W Mbi Lamp
Optic: 2nd Order four Panel Catadioptric
Character: One White Flash Every 5 Seconds
Intensity: 927,000 Candela
Vary Of Mild: 26 Sea Miles
EGYPT Point (This light isn’t operational)
Photograph: Steven Winter
Tower Height: 25 ft.
Description of Tower: Red post with white lantern, on round white base.
Date Established: 1897
Date Present Tower Constructed: 1897
Date Deactivated: 1989
THE NAB TOWER
This curious trying object a couple of miles to the South East of Bembridge started life throughout the primary World War as part of an anti-submarine defence system. During 1916 the British Admiralty, alarmed by the losses of allied merchant shipping to German U-boats designed four or six towers that had been to be built and positioned within the Straits of Dover. They would be linked together with steel nets and armed with two four” guns. However when the Armistice was signed in 1918 solely one of many planned towers was anywhere near completion. The others were dismantled, however what was to be achieved with this ninety two foot tall steel cylinder (costing one million pounds sterling, in those days), sitting on its raft of concrete
Until the tip of the first World War the dangerous Nab Rock had been marked by a lightship, and it was decided to change this with a set lighthouse. The brand new lighthouse was floated into place and the concrete raft (189ft lengthy, by 150ft broad, by 80ft deep) flooded so the tower could sit on a shingle financial institution near the Nab Rock.
As can be seen from the photograph the tower took up a distinct angle (three levels from the vertical in the direction of the Northeast) when it settled. The lighthouse used to be manned by a crew of 4, however in common with all Britain’s lighthouses it is now unmanned and is fully automated.
During WWII the Nab was armed with two 40mm Bofors Guns and was credited with shooting down 3½ enemy aircraft (the half was shared with a passing ship).
The tower nonetheless supplies a welcoming sight to seafarers returning to the Solent at the end of their voyage. In November 1999 the Nab was hit by a freighter, the Dole-America, carrying a cargo of bananas and pineapples. The ship was badly damaged and solely averted sinking by being run-aground. The bottom of the tower suffered only superficial damage.
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